Kukuzeli Jan, well known figure of Byzantine culture.He was bornin Durres.He is known as great singer of Kostadinopoja incentury XI. His merit is closely connected with the fact thathis musical notion is used for many centuries in church music.Kukuzeli worked on a written musical system established by him,which is named as kukuzeli system.This system is presented as the third phase of Byzantine semiography is based upon 40 graphicletters and musical circles.This system is treated in specialtreaty named "The beginning of psalms signs compiled andelaborated by Jan Kukuzeli".
Aleksi Andrea 1425-1505 (also called Durrsaku.) Albanianarchitect, painter and sculptor and one of the greatest artistsof Dalmatian renaissance. In all inscriptions of the works, hemarks his origin from Durres, where he was born. While stillyoung, he went in exile in the city Split, of Dalmatia, where hestudied under the supervision of the sculptor Mark Troja. He isthe author of the statues of the merchants loggia in Ancona ofItaly, of 1454 mural paintings in a church of the Island Arabe of Dalmatia. His masterpiece is the baptistry of Trogir.
Barleti Marin (about 1460-1512.) Renowned humanist, historian,the first author known as one of the greatest of the Albanian old literature. Barleti was born in Shkoder, and there is very little information about his life. Barleti has lived in exile as apriest in the territories of Venice, where he increased hishumanist culture and became a connoisseur of the classicalliterature and the Latin language in which he wrote his works.Barleti has written three works entitled "Siege of Shkoder,""History of life and acts of Scanderbeg" and "Briefing on life of popes and emperors."
Architect Kasemi (1570-1650) master of Ottoman classicalarchitectu re, was born in village Gramsh of Tomorrica, Skrapar.He graduated in architecture in Istanbul and was ranked among the closest assistants of Architect Sinani. He has served as chiefarchitect of the Ottoman empire and has created originalmonumental works such as Qoshku Bagdad, Qoshku Revan, Mosque inFaience in Istanbul and many works in Albania such as inns,bridges, baths and the tracks of Medieaval roads in Berat, Korce, etc.
Bardhi Frang (1606-1643). The first Albanian lexicographer,historian, folklorist and ethnographer. One of the oldest authors of Albanian literature. He was born in a famous clerical familyof Kallmet (Zadrime). He studied in the religious college ofLoreto (Italy) and in 1635 was ordained bishop of Sape. Hedrafted and published the Latin-Albanian dictionary, "GjergjKastriot of Epirus," etc.
Bogdani Pjeter (1625-1689). Most outstanding writer of oldAlbanian literature. He was born in Gur of Has in 1625. After the high studies in theology and philosophy in Rome where he also won the title of Doctor, he served as parson in Pult and Prizren. In1656 he was ordained bishop of Shkoder and in 1677 arch bishop of Skopje. His most important work "Life of Prophets" was publishedin 1685 in the city of Padova in Italy, and was reprinted in 1691 and 1702 in Venice under different titles.
Buzuku Gjon, 16th century. The first author known so far of theAlbanian literature, translator into Albanian of a clerical bookcalled "Missal" (1555), the oldest Albanian work which has beenpassed on up to date. The first 16 pages of the copy of the bookare missing. The book contains clerical material and the mainparts of Catholic liturgy. "Missal" was published in Latinalphabet of semi-gothic type.
Tepelena Ali Pasha, 18th century. Feudal strong ruler in Southern Albania. He is the founder of self-governing region of Janine, rebel against Osman Empire power in Albania. He was born in Tepelena, in amilitary feudal family and was distinguished for the skills andenergies that fulfilled it ambitious plans to become the onlyruler of the country by using all the means. In 1784 he won thetitle "Pasha", as military Commander close to Valiu of Rumelia in Sofia. The policy of Ali Pasha Tepelena aimed at self-governingand uniting of Albanian provinces under the governance of JaninePasha.
Asdreni, Aleks Stavre Drenova (1824-1947) Distinguished poet,publicist and democrat activist. He is the author of the FlagAnthem. With his creativeness he made a forward step in thetransition from romanticism to realism.
Kristoforidhi Konstandin, (1827-1895) Connoisseur of the Albanianlanguage, outstanding activist of the National Renaissance,education and culture. He was born in Elbasan and attended thesecondary school in Zosimea of Ioannina. His fundamental activity is linked with the spread of the Albanian language and school. He is known as the first author of the first Primer in Albanianlanguage, in Gege dialect, in 1867 and a year later the publisher the same primer in the Toske dialect. The fundamental work ofKristoforidhi is "Dictionary of Albanian language." He is anadvocate of the theory on the Pelasgian origin of the Albanianlanguage.
Gjika Elena, (Dora d'Istria,) 1829-1888. Romanian progressivewriter and publicist of Albanian origin. She is the author ofmany studies such as Albanian nationality according to folksongs, Albanian writers of southern Italy, Albanians in Romania,etc. She is known in the world opinion for the contribution shehas made to the Albanian question.
Frasheri Naim, 1846-1900. Great poet of Albanian NationalRenaissance, outstanding patriot, thinker and activist ofeducation and culture. He was born in Frasher of Permet. NaimFrasheri completed the secondary school Zosimea, in Greece. Hisfirst poem was "Albania" published in 1897 and which enthusedAlbanian patriots. He was one of the main publishers of theReview Drita in Istanbul, "Dituria" in a later period whichpublished many of his verses and proses for Albanian schools. In1886, he published the poem "Bageti dhe Bujqesi." The main worksof his are "Qerbelaja," "History of Scanderbeg," "AlbanianLanguage" , "Korca", etc.
Idromeno Kole, 1860-1939, Painter of National Renaissance,architect and photographer, People's Painter. He was born inShkoder and since a child he manifested his talent for art. Hehad a photo-studio and was the first to perform cinematographicslid es in Albania in 1912. He painted many compositions ofethnographic character. His masterpiece is "Sister Tone" in 1883. He is the the first in Albanian art to practise landscape.
Konica Faik (1876-1942) Publicist, literary critic and politicalactivist. During his activity, he made efforts for a commonliterary language and brought his contribution to enriching anddeveloping the literary and publicistic style of the writtenAlbanian. His most renowned works are "Doctor Needle uncoversroots of drama of Mamurras", "Under the shadow of date trees"etc. He is known as director of the review "Albania", one of the most important publications of Renaissance.
Eftimiu Viktor, 1889 - 1972, Romanian writer of Albanian origin.Distinguishe d personality of Romanian culture and world culture.Academician Eftimiu was born in village Boboshtice of Korca, andemigrated in the first years of his life in Bucharest of Romania. Among the most outstanding works of Eftimiu is the novel "Man who saw death with his own eyes", "The Black Cock", "Prometheus","Dr.Faust" etc. , any many creative writings with Albanianmotives such as "Portraits and Memoirs", "Two crosses", the short poem "Scanderbeg", the essay "Albanian Folklore", etc. During his life, he kept links with the birthplace. At the beginning of the20s, he was the chairman of a patriotic association which workedfor the protection of the rights of Albania as an independentstate.
Gjadri Gjovalin, 1899-1974, distinguished engineer, constructorin designing and construction of bridges. He was born in Shkoder. Gjadri completed the secondary school and university studies inAustria. He is renowned as one of the construction engineers ofthe Bridge of Mat, one of the bridges known in the worldliterature and which was declared in 1999 a monument of cultureby the Albanian Government. Among the bridges he has designed isthe bridge of Penkova, that of Mbrostar, the bridge ofRrogozhina, the bridge of the boulevard Deshmoret e Kombit inTirana.
Poradeci Lasgush, (Llazar Gusho), 1900-1989. Lyric poet, he wasborn in Pogradec in a family of handicraftsmen. He completed hisschool in the birthplace, then he continued his education inGreece and Athens and finally in Austria. His lyric writings onlove, philosophy and patriotism were collected in the Volumes"Dance of Stars" (1933) and "The Star of Heart" (1937). LasgushPoradeci has translated in the Albanian language worlddistinguished poets, such as Heine, Mayakovski, Pushkin, Goethe,etc.
Kono Kristo, composer, People's Artist. He was born in Korce in1907. He has graduated in music in Paris of France, and receiveda diploma in the conservatory G.Verdi of Milan in clarinet andband instruments. Along compositions such as romance, poems inchorus, solist and orchestra, he has composed the operetta Agimi, first work of this kind in our music, and the opera "Lulja eKujtimit" in which for the first time in our scenic art, thepatriotic topic is treated. Kono is one of the first Albanianauthors who put the folk motive in the choral and orchestralscores and promoted it to the level of elaborated music.
Kuteli Mitrush (Dhimiter Pasko), 1907-1967, writer, economist,publicist and translator. He took the first lessons in hisbirthplace, Pogradec, then he graduated in economy in Bucharest,Romania. In his literary activity, Kuteli is known for the works"Albanian nights", "Ago Jakupi and other stories," "My villagedrinks raki", "Forest of chestnut trees," "Xinxifilo", "Albanianancient stories," etc. He is also known as literary critic.
Antoniu Kristaq (1909-1979) Singer, tenor and baritone (People'sArtist.) He was born in Korce and lived in exile in Romania,where he completed the Mime-drama Academy of Bucharest. He played his first roles in some cinematographic films due to which hebecame outstanding. As a concert master and operetta singer, hehas made tours of Europe with a cast. He returned to Albania in1935 and started an extensive artistic activity. He claimeddistinction for the interpretation of arias by classical operasand folk songs.
Cabej Eqerem, 1908-1980. Cabej was one of the most renownedfigures of the science of Albanian education and culture. Hefinished the university studies in philology in Vienna ofAustria. He made scientific studies in linguistics, as well as in folklore, ethnography, history of literature. An important placein his works is occupied by the etymological and lexicographichistor ic studies, study on dialects and onomatopoeia and thecodification of the literary language. "Etymological studies inthe field of Albania", "Introductory information in Albanianlanguage history," "Historic phonetics of Albanian Language" aresome of the most outstanding works of Cabej.
Tefta Tashko Koco, well known artist, lyrical singer. Artist of People. She was born in Fajum, Egypt. She studied in Monpelje,France in 1927 and went on with her studies in Paris in 1930,where she attended the High Institute of Music. In the period1931-1932 she participated in a number of competitions organizedby Paris Conservative. She was distinguished and showed hervocal-interpretative skills in "Comic Opera", where she playedthe role of Butterfly. She started her musical activity inAlbania in 1935, by giving concerts in all the town of thecountry.
Buda Aleks, historian, professor, President of the Academy ofSciences in 1972. He was born in 1911 in Elbasan. He completedhis studies in Austria. Buda has made a great contribution to the field of Albanian mediaeval history and the National Renaissance. He is coauthor and chief editor of "The History of Albania," in1959.
Kraja Marije, singer of the period of the Independence and in the later time. People's Artist. She was born in Zara (Dalmatia) in1911. She completed her higher school and university in Austria.Her activity covers all genres of the vocal and elaborated musicbeginning with the chamber music (romance song) and oratorio upto the scenic music. She has represented the Albanian lyric artalso in countries of Europe and Asia.
Dritero Agolli, outstanding poet, prose writer and publicist. Hewas born in 1931 in Menkulas of Devoll. As for the genres, hiscreativeness is rich, among which the novel "Commissar Memo", the satiric novel "The rise and fall of comrade Zylo" are the mostoutstanding along with many poems which reflect the opinions andsentiments of the people.
Kadare Ismail, 1936. He is the greatest writer of Albanian letters who, after 1990 has been living in France. He is candidate for theNobel prize in literature. Kadare was born in Gjirokaster. He isthe author of the novels "The General of the Dead Army,"translated in eight languages of the world, "Dawn of Steppe","Concert at the End of Winter", and a number of verses,collections of novels and poetry. He is honoured with the hightitle "Honour of the Nation." Kadare is a member of the FrenchAcademy among 12 foreign associate members of this Academy, andof the Berlin Academy. His literary works have been translated in 20 languages of the world.
Famous Arberesh people
Arberesh people of Italy left Albania after the Ottomanoccupation of the 15th century, but they have inheritedgeneration after generation, together with the old ethnic name,the language, customs and culture. The Arberesh settlements arelocated in three zones, one near Palermo, another in PalazzoAdriatica and the third in Calabria. A number of writers andoutstanding people from the Arberesh people of Italy have made agreat contribution to the cultivation of the Albanian languageand the information on the history of their country.
Leke Matrenga, 1560-1619. The oldest author, renowned Arberesh.He was born in Hore of Arberesh (Sicilia) and studied in areligious college in Rome. He has translated from Italian acatechism "Christian instructions." The work has a greatimportance especially for the documentation of an old stage ofthe dialects of the Arberesh of Sicilia. It is of interest alsofor the short verse published in it and which is the firstpublished trace of the Albanian verse.
Jeronim De Rada, 1814-1903. Poet, publicist, folklorist,philologist and teacher. One of the most renowned figures ofNational Renaissance. De Rada is the founder of the Arbereshliterature and culture. He was born in Makia of Calabria. In1948, he issued the first Albanian newspaper L'Albania D'Italia.His most outstanding works are "Antiquity of Albanian Nation,""Rhapsody of an Arberesh poem," "Song of Milosao," etc., and hedevoted importance to the question of the origin of the Albanians and the Albanian language.
Bilota Bernard, 1843-1918. Poet, folklorist, Arbresh fromFrasnita of Cosenza. Known as initiator of two Arbereshlinguistic congresses held in Koriljano Calabro, 1895 and inLunger in 1897.
Dhimiter Kamarda, 1821-1882. Linguist, patriot, arberesh.Publisher of folklore, with scientific knowledge also in thefield of Indo-European linguistics. His main work "Test ofComparative Grammar on Albanian Language" is the first scientific work in the comparative historic study aspect. He made animportant contribution with the publication of "The AlbanianGeneral Alphabet," in 1869.
Karmel Kandreva, 1931-1982. Renowned Arberesh writer. He was born in Saint Japel of Calabria. He has published an extensive studyentitled "Didactic test in a bilingual Arberesh environment"which brings facts on the right of the arberesh people tocultivate their mother tongue and to teach it at schools.Kandreva has published poetical volumes entitled "Spirit of Arber is alive", "Spirit of Arbers is alive, Arberesh narrates," and"Spirit of Arber is alive, ancient branch suffers."
Skiroi Zef, poet, publicist and folklorist from Hora of Arbereshin Sicilia. After completing the Albanian Seminar of Palermo, hestudied law. In the first period of his creativeness, Skiroitreated the patriotic tradition of Arberesh literature. Here wemay mention the poem "Mili and Hajdhia". Other works of his are"Songs of Liktor", "In a foreign country," "Folk songs ofAlbania" etc.